Importance of References

25.10.2014

Importance of References

Giving references when establishing validity or relevance of piece of scientific research is pretty important thing. Why? There are so many reasons why it is really important that even in assignments the student could get a bad grade even if the assignment is perfect but without a reference.

People want to have a proof before they believe or trust in something. This is what we can actually call the reference. For example someone tells you something new about cancer, why would you believe that person if he does not have any proof or any source that he got the information from? Having references in your research supports the information you are giving. It also lets the people who are reading your research to locate the original idea of your research. I had assignments about pointing out the mistakes in articles earlier. I have found so many missing information and non supported information. I also noticed many mistaken information. This made me realize that I should really check the references before or after reading any kind of research. Because what is the point of spending time to read a research which has no references, which I also call proofs, that I could depend on before believing what I’m about to read? I do not see any point in there.

Have you ever heard of plagiarism? It is the practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own. It’s like you are giving an information which is not yours without any reference so that it looks like the information you have given belongs to you. This is totally wrong. Giving out references avoids the chance of your work to be considered as plagiarism. Protects the rights of the actual person who made the research that you are using as reference. This way no stealing anybody’s work, and no plagiarism.

Reklamlar

Third Cmn Project

How Family Meals Can Stop Eating Disorders

As I read the article I start to see some paradoxes. The topic is pretty similar to me because I have suffered from an eating disorder, I’m still recovering though. I know a lot of things about eating disorders since I have an experience about it.

Here are the few paradoxes I have found:
In the article “closing Tv and sitting down to table with family” is mentioned. I don’t agree with that, neither does the eating disorder researches. I don’t think Tv has anything to do with sitting down to table with family, it is kind of wrong used in the article. Plus, article claims that eating disorder can be stopped by patients sitting with their family, then it was mentioned that only this decreases the disorder by %35 percent. It doesn’t stop, it just decreases…

Eating disorder can be caused because of many reasons, one of the reasons is urge to be thin and perfect so that the person skips meals or overeats behind his family’s back, which is called “secretly eating”. Article mentions that eating with family makes better contact and its a way to make conversations about bad diet and eating habits, but this triggers the eating disorder more. Talking about the illness could make the person uncomfortable, and it affects him psychologically. Many people with eating disorders respond to outpatient therapy. It includes, individual, group or family therapy and medical management by their primary care provider.

This is illness so it’s not easy to recover from. Eating with family might not be helpful to stop it because some patients are not comfortable eating in front of people, this can harmful for the patient… Another example is that the patient might eat 3-5 meals with family but still continue to eat secretly, family would never know though. So it can’t really make anyone healthy that easily. Health isn’t something that people get easily. Eating is just one of the factors.

Smoking is mentioned in the article, people who smoke aren’t really losing weight, because according to my researches smoking is one of the least effective ways to lose weight, it doesn’t really work. I believe that smoking is used here to catch attention or something.

Sources:
http://www.ctri.wisc.edu/Publications/publications/WhyPeopleSmokefl.pdf
http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/treatment
http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/treating-eating-disorder
http://www.ulifeline.org/articles/400-eating-disorders-why-do-they-happen
http://www.anad.org/news/teens-who-regularly-attend-family-meals-lower-risk-of-eating-disorders/

 

            The Two Baby Family Makes a Comeback

The article that I’m just going to write a report about  was a hard one to analyse. Because

article has nonsense and unnecessary information. It also has wrong information which is something very important…

Numerical information on article is pretty important and has to be researched well. People wouldn’t want to believe in wrong information. Would you want to? I can hear the word “no”. People want true and trusted information. This article that I have just read fails to do that.

Immigration is mentioned a lot in the article. I believe that it is an effect on the population, not birthrate. So the word immigration is used unnecessarily.

There is a numerical error that I recognized, In the text it is said that quarter of the births in England and Wales last year were to mothers who were born abroad themselves, and then it says that half of the babies in London have mothers from abroad. I can see the paradox there…

Later in the article, family size, population, birthrate and so many other stuff are mentioned, I cant see the purpose of this article because of that. Too many topics are used without combining them altogether.

“Research shows that unmarried families’ children are healthier and do better at school and later in their careers’’ this sentence is from the article that Im writing a report about. There is no source about where did they get this information. If this statement is true than half of the babies will be unhealthy, unsuccessful in their lives later on. Nobody can really know what the future holds, and this statement might lower the motivation of the kids whose parents are unmarried. This is where the article does harm instead of giving information and being useful.

I had a discussion with my friends before writing this report and it was really useful, sharing ideas and all. And I have came to the conclusion that before writing an article or anything that is going to be shared with public should be double checked or even more. Not by only the writer but by some other people too. When third person sees it these mistakes could be pointed out. There are really unclear statements that it is hard to even understand what the writer is trying to point out or tell.

Sources:

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2010/may/25/40s-women-birth-children-highest-ever

http://www.migrationobservatory.ox.ac.uk/briefings/impact-migration-uk-population-growth

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2009/may/21/birth-rate-increase

Second Cmn Project

CMN SECOND PROJECT

As a group, we were already aware of the spreading and increasing disease cancer. As we started to do research about the topic of this assignment, we had a better chance to get a closer look to the causes and effects of cancer. We realized how quickly it spreads and how common it is.
When we read the article called “One in four Britons will get cancer” that was on Daily Mail, July 14, 2011, we caught many incomplete and missing informations. These mistakes are such as;
Untrue assumptions
Contradictory expressions
Numerical errors
Unmentioned sources
Undetermined research methods
Too many exaggerations and generalizations
Unclear statements

First of all, we started with the statement mentioned in the title “One in four Britons will get cancer”. 62.649.014 is the population of England in 2011. According to title 15.662.253 people will get cancer. As the article declares afterwards “ There are currently two million people in Britain with the ilness and this is expected to double within the next 20 years”. According to this statement if it continues to double every 20 years, it will reach appromixely to 15.662.253 after 60 years.

Secondly, in the article it is given that “some” %64 eventually die from the cancer but as we made a research about cancer survivors we found out that there are %50 survivors and this is still increasing. Also the word “some” is an unclear statement and cannot be used when giving a specific percentage.

Furthermore, the article announces that the reason of the cancer is “lifestyle factors such as obesity, excessive drinking and smoking”. However, according to our researches genetic tendency for the cancer has the main role in getting this disease. This article doesn’t even mention this reason once. If the genetic code has a tendency for cancer, outer factors trigger the risk of this disease.

Another unclear statement is that “ it (cancer) is also partly a result of people living longer”. It’s a fact that with getting older, every disease has more risk to be developed. This cannot support the article’s thesis. It’s an unnecessary information, exaggeration and generalization.

The other reason why we can’t rely on the article’s arguments is that it doesn’t name the research’s method. For example, the AMP method calculates the percentage of the cancer with counting all the diagnoses but it also contains the same person’s diognoses which may also be more than once. As a result, this method does not give us the number of people who suffer from cancer, it gives us the percentage of diognoses compared to population. So, since it isn’t given the research method we can’t accept it as a clear support.
In conclusion, we think that an article about something serious should have been more accurate and clear. It strains the truths about the sickness, its causes and the percentages.
As a group, we chose to communicate from Whatsapp and formed a gruop called “Project CMN”. We scheculed appointment in ÇSM three times. First, we read and discussed about the article. Then, we did a research from Internet about the population, percentages and causes of cancer. Finally, we wrote our report by gathering the information that we found. The avantages of working face to face are:
Better communication
Time saving
Better discussion environment
Better information sharing

For me, this assigment pointed out a very important subject; misinformation published in newspapers. It is a common problem that we all suffer from it. In every country, media anounces their articles with exagerations to control and to manipulate the people. As concious individuals, we all must be aware of what we read cannot be true. We should think before we believe everything we read. I had a great time with my group members as we studied together. 
 – Selen Demircioğlu

Qualified information is a really important issue that everyone should be aware. As we read the article, we found so much mistakes, uncompleted, untrue or unclear statements. We realized that we shouldn’t trust everything we read. We researched about the informations that the article gave; it was clear that the informations were distorted to attract more attention. Doing this research with a group helped us find the mistakes easily by doing brainstorming. Also, we really enjoyed this work.

-Deniz Ersoy

This assignment was really hard to deal with because it was very complicated and so many mistakes were made in the article. It took long time to point out them and research and find the proves. I realised one more that we should not trust everything we read or hear. Plus we shouldn’t believe an article just because it’s on a popular news or websites. An article should have prove so that people can trust and believe in the information that is given. Above all, I really enjoyed doing this assignment with my group members.
-Bilge Tuzen

Sources:
http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2009/oct/21/uk-population-data-ons http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demography_of_the_United_Kingdom#Age_structure http://www.macmillan.org.uk/Cancerinformation/Causesriskfactors/Healthandlifestyle.aspx http://www.theworkfoundation.com/blog/600/Managing-Cancer-in-the-Workplace http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-info/cancerstats/incidence/uk-cancer-incidence-statistics http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-info/cancerstats/survival/ http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-info/cancerstats/incidence/risk/